We can do examinations on almost every age child. There is a lot of information that can be gathered without needing a response for the child. The American Optometric Association recommends the first eye exam between the ages of 6 months to 12 months. Another exam is recommended between the ages of 3 and 5. Between the ages of 6 and 18 the recommendation is annually starting in first grade.
Astigmatism is a distortion of the vision due the shape of the eye. It is caused by the shape of either the cornea or lens of the eye. Many people have some amount of astigmatism. I can be corrected with either glasses or contact lens.
Cataracts are hazy spots of the lens inside the eye. They can cause blurred vision, glare at night, and a dulling of colors.
Floaters are caused when the jelly-like substance (vitreous) clumps together. These can be a warning sign of potential serious retinal problems especially if you are also experiencing flashes (or arcs) of light
An AR coating cuts down on the amount of light that bounces off the surface of the lenses. This will reduce the reflection of glasses in photos but it will also allow the wearer to see better through the lenses. It is especially beneficial in lower light and nighttime situations.
These lenses are called photochromic lenses. They darken due to the UV rays from the sun and will clear when no longer exposed to UV. Most cars and trucks will have UV filtered from the windshield so they do not work as well behind the wheel of a car.
There are many foods that can benefit the eyes. Dark green leafy vegetables, such as kale and spinach, will provide lutein and zeaxanthin. These antioxidants can help ward off macular degeneration and cataracts. Foods high in Vitamins A (carrots and sweet potatoes), C (fruits and vegetables) and E (sweet potatoes and nuts) can help the eye stay healthy. Fish can provide Omega-3 which can help improve dry eye symptoms.